Gastro Intestinal System
Liver :: Gall Bladder :: Spleen :: Appendix
The liver situated in the upper right part of the abdominal cavity, si the largest organ of the body, weighing 1200 -1600 g. The liver has a wide variety of functions, and the main functions are removal of harmful substances from blood and to produce bile to assist in digestion of food.
When the liver has broken down harmful substances, its by-products are excreted into the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and ultimately leave the body in the form of faeces. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys, and leave the body in the form of urine.
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Hepatomegaly :: Hepatitis :: Liver Biopsy :: Liver Cancer
The gallbladder is a small sac that lies underneath of the liver. Its function is to store and concentrate the bile that is produced by the liver and to deliver it to the small intestine when we eat. The bile mixes with the food and aids in the absorption of fats and certain vitamins that are dissolved in the fats.
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Gall Stones :: Laparoscopic :: Cholecystitis
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The spleen is an organ involved in the production and maintenance of red blood cells, the production of certain circulating white blood cells, and is a part of the lymph system and the immune system. It also has a phagocytic role and acts as a filter for circulating microorganisms, old and deformed red cells, and other antigens.
The Appendix is a small, worm-shaped blind tube, about 7.5 cm long and 5–2.5 cm thick, projecting from the caecum (part of the large intestine) on the right side of the lower abdominal cavity. The structure, also called the vermiform appendix, has no function in peopleand is considered a vestigial remnant of some previous organ or structure, having a digestive function, that became unnecessary to people in their evolutionary progress
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